M.Rokhis Khomarudin, Parwati Sofan


Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI) is an index which is used to explain the amount of crop water defisiency based on canopy surface temperature. Many researches of CWSI have been done for arranging irigation water system in several crops at different areas. Beside its application in irigation system, CWSI is also known as one of parameters that can influence crop productivity. Regarding the above explanation, it is implied that CWSI is important for monitoring crop drought, arranging irigation water, and estimating crop productivity. This research is proposed to estimate CWSI using MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data which is related to Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Soil Moisture Storage (ST) in paddy field. The interest area is in East Java wich is the driest area in Java Island. MODIS land surface temperature is used to estimate CWSI, while MODIS reflectance 500 m is used to estimate NDVI. They were downloaded from NASA website. Data period was from June 15th to June 30 th, 2004. Based on the correlation between NDVI and CWSI, we can estimate NDVI value when paddy water stress occured. The result showed that the largest paddy area in East Java which has high water stress is located in Bojonegoro District. The water stress areain Bojonegoro Distric increase from June 15th to June 30th, 2004. The high to medium water stress level in East Java were predicted as bare land. The CWSI has negative correlation with NDVI and ST. The CWSI 0.6 are obtained in NDVI 0.5 with ST less than 50 percent. This showed that the paddy water stress began at NDVI 0.5 and ST 50 percent. Coefficient of correlation between CWSI and NDVI is 0.58, while CWSI and ST is 0.71. The correlation model between CWSI, NDVI and ST is statistically significant. Keywords: CWSI,NDVI, ST, MODIS Land Surface Temperature, Water Stress.

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