THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION CHANGES ON DISTRIBUTION OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND IN JAKARTA BASED ON REMOTE SENSING DATA

Indah Prasasti, . Suwarsono, Nurwita Mustika Sari

Abstract

Anthropogenic activities of urban growth and development in the area of Jakarta has caused increasingly uncomfortable climatic conditions and tended to be warmer and potentially cause the urban heat island (UHI). This phenomenon can be monitored by observing the air temperature measured by climatological station, but the scope is relatively limited. Therefore, the utilization of remote sensing data is very important in monitoring the UHI with wider coverage and effective. In addition, the remote sensing data can also be used to map the pattern of changes in environmental conditions (microclimate). This study aimed to analyze the effect of changes in environmental conditions (land use/cover, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference Build-up Index (NDBI)) toward the spread of the urban heat island (UHI). In this case, the UHI was identified from pattern changes of Land Surface Temperature (LST) in Jakarta based on data from remote sensing. The data used was Landsat 7 in 2007 and Landsat 8 in 2013 for parameter extraction environmental conditions, namely: land use cover, NDVI, NDBI, and LST. The analysis showed that during the period 2007 to 2013, there has been a change in the condition of the land use/cover, impairment NDVI, and expansion NDBI that trigger an increase in LST and the formation of heat islands in Jakarta, especially in the area of business centers, main street and surrounding area, as well as in residential areas.

Keywords

urban heat island, Landsat 7; land use/cover; NDVI; NDBI; Jakarta

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References

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