Ninong Komala, Novita Ambarsari


Research and characterizing the ozone profiles and Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) in Indonesia is a satellite data-based research activities. The aim of the study was to obtain the characteristics of ozone in Indonesia as well as the contribution of ODS to the variability of ozone. By performing a data inventory based on satellite data, analyze the pattern of annual, seasonal and perform linkage analysis of the contribution of ODS changes to the conditions of ozone. Daily data of vertical profiles of ozone and  in the form of volume mixing ratio (vmr) with format HDF (Hierarchical Data Format) is extracted to the territory of Indonesia to take parameters as latitude, longitude, and concentration. Then converted to Excel format with the help of data processing software of MATLAB. Results obtained in the form of ozone characteristics in Indonesia, the percentage of contribution to the variability of ozone also contribution to the variability of ozone in Indonesia in several levels of height. By using Microwave Limb Sounders (MLS) AURA satellite data in the period of 2005 to 2013 characteristics of monthly vertical profiles of ozone in Indonesia has been obtained. The ODS studied were ClO and BrO. Peak of vertical profiles of ozone occurs at a pressure of 10 hPa or altitude of 25.9 km. ClO peak occurs at a pressure of 2.1 hPa or altitude of 30.6 km and BrO reached the peak at 14 hPa or altitude of 24.5 km. When ClO and BrO reach a maximum concentration at stratosphere then ozone molecules is potentially damaging or decrease in the stratosphere. Temporal variations of ozone showed decrease when  ODS concentrations increased (particularly ClO and BrO). Linear regression of ozone with ozone showed a negative correlation coefficient which indicates there is a strong relationship between ozone concentrations decline in pressure of 14 hPa when BrO reach the maximum. Likewise for ClO which also showed a negative correlation with the decrease in ozone concentration. ClO contribution to the decreasing of ozone in Indonesia was marked by every addition of 0.01 ppb ClO will reduce ozone of  0.00583 ppm (5.83 ppb). While any increase of  0.01 ppb of BrO will decrease 0.03 ppb of ozone.


BrO; ClO; MLS-AURA; ozone

Full Text:



Ahmad SP., Waters JW., Johnson JE., Gerasimov IV, Leptoukh GG., Kempler SJ., (2006), Atmospheric composition data products from the EOS Aura MLS. Proc. Amer. Meteorological Soc. Eighth Conf. on Atmospheric Chemistry, Atlanta, Georgia.

Ambarsari N., Komala N., (2010), Profil Vertikal Ozon., ClO, dan Temperatur di Bandung dan Watukosek Berbasis Observasi Sensor MLS Satelit AURA. Proceeding of Seminar Nasional Sains Atmosfer I, Pusfatsatklim LAPAN Bandung.

Ambarsari N., Komala N., Cahyono EW., (2013), Korelasi Ozon dan Bromin Monoksida di Indonesia berbasis Observasi Satelit AURA-MLS. Jurnal Sains Dirgantara 10 (2):116-125.

Connors BJ., Mooney T., Barrett J., Solomon P., Parrish A., Santee M., (2007), Comparison of ClO measurements from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder to ground-based microwave measurements at Scott Base, Antarctica, in spring 2005, Journal of Geophysical Research 112,D24S42. doi: 10.1029/2007JD008792.

Dyominov IG., Zadorozhny AM., (2005), Greenhouse gases and recovery of the Earth’s ozone layer. Advances in Space Research 35 (8) 1369–1374.doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.04.090.

Martinez M., Arnold T., Perner D., (1999), The role of Bromine and Chlorine chemistry for arctic ozone depletion events in Ny-AÊ lesund and comparison with model calculations. Ann. Geophysicae 17(7): 941-956. doi:10.1007/s00585-999-0941-4.

Matveev V., Peleg M., Rosen D., Tov-Alper SD., Hebestreit K., Stutz J., Platt U., Blake D., Luria M., (2001), Bromine Oxide-Ozone Interaction Over the Dead Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(D10): 10375-10387.

Mc.Conell JC., (2008), Stratospheric Ozone Chemistry, Atmosphere-Ocean 46 (1): 69-92.

NASA., (2013), MLS instrument, http://mls.jpl.

nasa.gov/index-eos-mls.php. Access date 28 February 2013.

Ramaswamy V., (2006), Chapter 1. Temperatur Trends in The Lower Atmosphere, The US. Climate Change Science Program.

Tas E., Peleg M., Pederson DU., Matveev V., Biazar AP., Luria M., (2006), Measurement and Modeling of Bromine Chemistry in the boundary layer, :1. Bromine Chemistry at the Dead Sea. Atmospheric Chemistry Physics 6(12): 4929-4971. doi:10.5194/ acp-6-5589-2006.

Theys N., Roozendael MV., (2009), First satellite detection of volcanic bromine monoxide emission after the Kasatochi eruption. Geophysical Research Letters 36(3) L03809. doi:10.1029/2008GL036552.

Vogel B., Muller R., Engel A., Grooß JU., Toohey D., Woyke T., Stroh F., (2005), Midlatitude ClO during the maximum atmospheric chlorine burden: in situ balloon measurements and model simulations. Atmospheric Chemistry Physics 5(6): 1623-1638. doi:10.5194/acp-5-1623-20.


  • There are currently no refbacks.