Muchammad Soleh, Ali Syahputra Nasution, Arif Hidayat, Hidayat Gunawan, Ayom Widipaminto


Very High Resolution Satellite Image (VHRSI) data for Indonesian Government license is required by ministries/agencies, TNI, police, and local government to support national programs. But Indonesia did not have a VHRSI data recipient facility to directly acquire this data. In accordance with Law 21/2013 on Space, LAPAN is mandate to provide high resolution satellite data, and based on a roadmap for provision of satellite data in 2017, LAPAN will provide a VHRSI data reception facility through direct receiving system (DRS). This will be more efficient than other methods in providing the data. Priority provision of satellite data is for acquiring Pleiades and TerraSAR-X operating in the frequency range 8 GHz (X-Band). Therefore, to receive both data, it requires antenna subsystem with optimum coverage throughout Indonesia. Parameters to obtain the minimum antenna specifications include Free Space Loss (FSL), Carrier to Noise Ratio (C/No) and Antenna Gain to Noise Temperature (G/T). The calculation of G/T antenna is done for both satellites based on satellite parameters and analysis of antenna product availability in the market. Based on the calculation of satellite parameters shows that the minimum G/T value with the elevation of 5 degrees is 27.71 dB/K for Pleiades data reception and the minimum G/T value of 26.10 dB/K for the TerraSAR-X data reception. In general, the minimum G/T value for receiving the Pleiades and TerraSAR-X data is at 28 dB/K. While based on the calculation of antenna products availability in the market is require G/T value of 33.45 dB /K for the elevation of 5 degrees with a diameter of 7.5 mm antenna. This can be conclude that the antenna products meets the minimum requirements specification and to receive both satellite data.  However, both calculation for the antenna subsystem still will be evaluated further in order to be directly installed at Parepare Remote Earth Station (SPBJ), South Sulawesi.


VHRSI; Optic; SAR; Direct Receiving System (DRS); Antenna

Full Text:



Airbus Inc., (2006), LAPAN Multi-Mission Direct Receiving Service Upgrade for High Resolution Optical & Radar Imagery.

DigitalGlobe Inc., (2016), Imagery Intelligence on Command Direct Access Program & Imagery Solutions.

Clinton E.,, (2017), Xband Communication. Access on 15 September 2017.

Eoportal, (2017), Pleiades-HR (High-Resolution Optical Imaging Constellation of CNES). Access on 15 September 2017.

Eoportal, (2017), TSX (TerraSAR-X) Mission. Access on 15 September 2017.

Haykin S., (2007), Communication System 4 Edition. John Wiley And Sons, New York.

Hidayat A.,, (2014), Desain dan Implementasi Sistem Pakar Analisis Performansi Antena Seaspace Axyom 5.1 Berbasis Web. Jurnal Teknologi Dirgantara, 12 (20), 154-162.

Hidayat A.,, (2014)., Analisis Carrier to Interference Transmisi Gelombang Mikrowave Link X Band dengan Downlink Satelit Penginderaan Jauh. Paper presented at the Seminar Nasional Inderaja:LAPAN, Bogor, Indonesia

Hidayat A., (2014), Calibration Directions Antenna Method Sun Pointing At Antena 3 Axis, Paper presented at the Seminar Nasional Inderaja:LAPAN, Bogor, Indonesia.

Hidayat A., Munawar, STA, Suprijanto, A., Setyasaputra, N., (2014), Integration System for Receiving and Recording NPP Satellite Data at Remote Sensing Ground Station. Paper presented at the Makassar International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics (MICEEI) IEEE:UNHAS, 26-30 November 2014, Makassar, Indonesia.

Hidayat A., Munawar STA, Syarif S., Andani A., (2017), LEO Antenna Ground Station Analysis Using Fast Fourier Transform,Paper presentend atThe 7 th International Anual engineering Seminar (IEEE: UGM), 1-2 Agustus, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Hidayat A., Ramadhan P.R., Suprijanto A., Munawar S.T.A,. (2017), Kajian Kebutuhan Spesifikasi Antena Untuk Penerimaan Data Resolusi Sangat Tinggi. Paper presented at the Seminar Nasional Inderaja 2017:LAPAN, Depok, Indonesia.

Hidayat A., (2006), Pemodelan Perencanaan Jaringan Wimax Untuk Daerah Urban dan Sub Urban. Tugas Akhir, Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom (STT Telkom) Bandung.

Instruksi Presiden Nomor 6 Tahun 2012 tentang Penyediaan, Penggunaan, Pengendalian Kualitas, Pengolahan dan Distribusi Data Satelit Penginderaan Jauh Resolusi Tinggi.

Integrasia SISS., (2017), KOMPSAT Direct Receiving Station".

Judianto CT, (2012), Analisis Potensi Stasiun Bumi Sateli LAPAN-TUBSAT Kototabang Untuk Pengawasan Jalur Strategis Selat Malaka, Jurnal Teknologi Dirgantara Vol. 10 No. 1 Juni 2012 : 13-23

Klügel T.,, (2014), Earth and space observation at the German Antarctic Receiving Station O’Higgins. electronic Publication Information Center, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Bremerhaven, Germany.

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 79 tahun 2017 tentang Rencana Kerja Pemerintah (RKP) Tahun 2018.

Metzig R., Diedrich E., Reissig R., Schwinger M., Riffel F., Henniger H., Schättler B., (2011), The tanDEM-X Ground Station Network. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2011 IEEE International 24-29 July 2011, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Setyasaputra N., Hidayat A., Hadiyanto AL, dan Munawar S.T.A., (2015), Analisis Kebutuhan Integrasi Antena Orbital 3.0 dengan Sistem yang Telah Beroperasi di Stasiun Bumi Stasiun Bumi Penginderaan Jauh Parepare. Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh (Sinasinderaja) 2015, IICC Bogor, Indonesia.

Thales, (2012), 8 PSK Data Downlink Subsistem. Accsess on 17 September 2017.

UK space Agency, (2017), Scfg X Band Database.


  • There are currently no refbacks.