Yunita Nurmasari, Arie Wahyu Wijayanto


The objective of this work is to assess the capability of multispectral optical Landsat and Sentinel images to detect oil palm plantations in Rokan Hulu, Riau, one of the largest palm oil producers in Indonesia, by combining multispectral bands and composite indices. In addition to comparing two different sets of satellite images, we also ascertain which gives the best performance among the supervised machine learning classifiers CART Decision Tree, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine, and Naive Bayes. With the use of multispectral bands and derived composite indices, the best classifier achieved an overall accuracy of up to 92%. The findings and contributions of the study include: (1) insight into a set of feature combinations that provides the highest model accuracy, and (2) an extensive evaluation of machine learning-based classifiers on two different optical satellite imageries. Our study could further be beneficial for the government in providing more scalable plantation statistics.


remote sensing, oil palm detection, Sentinel-2, Landsat-8, supervised machine learning

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