DETECTION OF ACID SLUDGE CONTAMINATED AREA BASED ON NORMALIZED DIFFERENCE VEGETATION INDEX (NDVI) VALUE

Nanik Suryo Haryani, Sayidah Sulma, Junita Monika Pasaribu

Abstract

The solid form of oil heavy metal waste is  known as acid sludge. The aim of this research is to exercise the correlation between acid sludge concentration in soil and NDVI value, and further studying the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly by multi-temporal Landsat satellite images. The implemented method is NDVI.  In this research, NDVI is analyzed using the  remote sensing data  on dry season and wet season.  Between 1997 to 2012, NDVI value in dry season  is around – 0.007 (July 2001) to 0.386 (May 1997), meanwhile in wet season  NDVI value is around – 0.005 (November 2006) to 0.381 (December 1995).  The high NDVI value shows the leaf health or  thickness, where the low NDVI indicates the vegetation stress and rareness which can be concluded as the evidence of contamination. The rehabilitation has been executed in the acid sludge contaminated location, where the high value of NDVI indicates the successfull land rehabilitation effort.

Keywords

Acid sludge; Contamination; Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)

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