Rayhan Nuris, Jonson Lumban Gaol, Teguh Prayogo


This study aimed to estimate the concentration of chlorophyll-a from satellite imagery of National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP) in the south Java Sea waters and compare it to the concentrations of chlorophyll-a estimation result from the MODIS-Aqua satellite. NPP satellite had Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) sensors which performance was same as Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor with a better spatial resolution. This study used daily satellite imagery of VIIRS-NPP for the period of September 2012 to August 2013. The algorithm that was used to estimate the concentration of chlorophyll-a was Ocean Color 3-band ratio (OC-3). The results showed that the spatial distribution pattern of chlorophyll-a concentration between VIIRS - NPP sensor and MODIS had the same pattern, but the estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration from the MODIS sensor was higher than VIIRS -NPP sensor. The concentration of chlorophyll-a showed that there were spatial and temporal variation in the south Java Sea waters. Generally, concentrations of chlorophyll-a was higher in East monsoon than West monsoon.


Aqua-MODIS; chlorophyll-a; VIIRS-NPP; remote sensing; south Java Sea waters

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