ANALYSIS OF LAND USE SPATIAL PATTERN CHANGE OF TOWN DEVELOPMENT USING REMOTE SENSING

Samsul Arifin, nFN Mukhoriyah, Dipo Yudhatama

Abstract

The Assessment of the physical character of a city is considered relatively easier than the social-cultural aspects. It is important to recognize the type of city form and to predict the behavior of people in the city and its surrounding. Due to those characteristics, the study of the pattern of physical development of the city is required. The objective of research is to analyze the change of spatial pattern of the city due to the city growing by remote sensing. The multitemporal data of Landsat 5/7/8 year 2000, 2006 and 2015 in Jabodetabek area were used. The classification technique had been done and it produced five classes of land uses. Those are water, built-up area, vegetation, other land use and no data. The results of the analysis in Jabodetabek area (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi) show that there was land use changes from vegetation and other land use area to built-up area with an average accuracy of 78% in each year. The pattern of physical development of the city looks linear from year 2000 until year 2006, which is confirmed as concentric pattern from year 2006 to 2015. Based on those analysis, it confirmed that the city development in Jakarta as the center was influenced by the spatial land development of the surrounding cities of Depok, Bogor, Bekasi and Tangerang. The pattern of spatial development from 2000 to 2006 in Bogor, Bekasi and Depok areas is Linear pattern, whereas from 2006 - 2015 the pattern of spatial development shows Propagation Concentric pattern. For Tangerang Region in 2000-2015 its development is patterned Propagation Concentric.

Keywords

Analysis; Spatial; Remote Sensing; Pattern; Development

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