Azura Ulfa, Fajar Bahari Kusuma, A. A. Md. Ananda Putra Suardana, Wikanti Asriningrum, Andi Ibrahim, Lintang Nur Fadlillah


The impact of climate and human interaction has resulted in environmental degradation. Consistent observations of lakes in Indonesia are quite limited, especially for flood-exposure lake types. Satellite imagery data improves the ability to monitor water bodies of different scales and the efficiency of generating lake boundary information. This research aims to detect the boundaries of flood-exposure type lake water bodies from the detection model and calculate its accuracy in Semayang Melintang Lake using Sentinel-2 imagery data. The characteristics of water, soil, and vegetation objects were investigated based on the spectral values of the composite image bands from the Optimum Index Factor (OIF) calculation, to support the lake water body boundary detection model. The Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) method is used for water and non-water classification, by applying the machine learning algorithms random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM), and decision tree (DT). Model validation was conducted by comparing spectral graphs and lake water body boundary model results. The accuracy test used the confusion matrix method and resulted in the highest accuracy value in the SVM algorithm with an Overall Accuracy of 95% and a kappa coefficient of 0.9. Based on the detection model, the area of Lake Semayang Melintang in 2021 is 23392.30 ha. This model can be used to estimate changes in the area of the flood-exposure lake consistently. Information on the boundaries of lake water bodies is needed to control the decline in the capacity and inundation area of flood-exposure lakes for management and monitoring plans.


Lake; Floodplain; Remote Sensing; OBIA; Water Bodies

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