Dwi Hastuti, Masita Dwi Mandini Manessa, Mangapul Parlindungan Tambunan


Tea leaves are the most important part for consumption. Leaves that are healthy have a distinct color, while leaves that are not healthy have a color that is very different from the original. Chlorophyll in leaves effects the reflection of infrared light, allowing healthy plants to reflect more infrared light than unhealthy plants. Leaf color and chlorophyll have an important role in showing the growth and health of tea plants. Remote sensing consists of collecting information about objects and features without contacting the equipment. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), one of the first remote sensing analysis products used to simplify the complexity of multispectral imaging, is now the most commonly used index for botanical assessment. inconsistencies in NDVI depending on sensor-specific spatial and spectral resolutions. Different parts of the leaf have discolored spots due to health conditions or nutritional stress, so there are different spectral values on different parts of the leaf. Unhealthy tea leaves have low NIR values due to disease, insects, and sunburn, which damage the chloroplast structure of the leaves, weaken the absorption of the appropriate band, and increase reflectance. There is a difference between the measurement results of the NDVI spectrometer and the sentinel image. This is due to the fact that the Sentinel-2 image can only retrieve image pixels with a resolution and not diseased leaf parts, as with the use of a spectrometer, which directly extracts the value of the infected area from the normal part of the plant

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